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Policy News & Info (Title IV-E)
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Children's Bureau Permits Funding for Child and Parent Legal Representation


In an update to the Child Welfare Policy Manual (CWPM), which contains policy questions and answers applicable to child welfare programs operated by the Children’s Bureau, the administration now allows title IV-E agencies to be reimbursed for the administrative costs of legal representation for children and parents in child welfare cases. 


The Children’s Bureau removed Q/A 8.1B #18 and added the following new Q/A to section 8.1B:


Question:  May a title IV-E agency claim title IV-E administrative costs for attorneys to provide legal representation for the title IV-E agency, a candidate for title IV-E foster care or a title IV-E eligible child in foster care and the child’s parents to prepare for and participate in all stages of foster care related legal proceedings?


Answer: Yes. The statute at section 474(a)(3) of the Act and regulations at 45 CFR 1356.60(c) specify that Federal financial participation (FFP) is available at the rate of 50% for administrative expenditures necessary for the proper and efficient administration of the title IV-E plan. The title IV-E agency’s representation in judicial determinations continues to be an allowable administrative cost.


Previous policy prohibited the agency from claiming title IV-E administrative costs for legal services provided by an attorney representing a child or parent. This policy is revised to allow the title IV-E agency to claim title IV-E administrative costs of independent legal representation by an attorney for a child who is a candidate for title IV-E foster care or in foster care and his/her parent to prepare for and participate in all stages of foster care legal proceedings, such as court hearings related to a child’s removal from the home. These administrative costs of legal representation must be paid through the title IV-E agency.  This change in policy will ensure that, among other things: reasonable efforts are made to prevent removal and finalize the permanency plan; and parents and youth are engaged in and complying with case plans.


Here is a regularly updated list of articles and resources you may find useful:

  • NACC's Member-Webinar on Title IV-E Expansion for Legal Representation:

Click here for Member Access

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Ask NACC:  For more information on how to seize this opportunity and enhance legal service delivery systems for children in your state please contact NACC Special Counsel Allison Green ( or NACC Executive Director (


For 43 years NACC has led the development of practice standards, guidelines, and core competencies in child welfare law and practice. NACC conducts statewide audits evaluating access to counsel and quality of representation to provide comprehensive examination of state and local delivery systems as well as state laws, rules, and policies regarding appointment of counsel, scope of representation, caseloads, compensation, resources and supports.  Following an evaluation NACC can work with your jurisdiction to develop statutory schemes, representation models, statewide oversight, practice standards, and model law offices.  


NACC applauds this change as the fruition of putting sound policy into practice in the interests of children and families.  Dr. Jerry Milner, Associate Commissioner of the Children’s Bureau and Special Assistant David Kelly prepared an article for NACC’s Guardian this spring on How Attorneys and Judges Help Strengthen Families, David Kelly also wrote a recent piece on It’s time to Follow the Law and Take Reasonable Efforts Seriously, and the Children’s Bureau recently issued a special edition of Children’s Bureau Express highlighting the importance of the role the legal and judicial community plays in improving outcomes for Children and Families (as they had at NACC’s Conference this August).  It’s thrilling to see this momentum lead to policy change and NACC thanks everyone involved for their advocacy and leadership. 

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